I know some folks are driving in from outside (and inside) of Georgia. GSU has opened up a parking location for this Saturday event. Parking is available directly across the street from the GSU Student Center Venue in the M-Deck, the entrance is at 33 Auditorium Place, Atlanta GA 30303. The cost is $7.00 dollars.
The devil, as is often the case, is in the details of these two qualifying (in my view logic defying and nullifying) criteria: “Missed more than six weeks of class” and “Would apply only to students who meet all other academic standards.”
(Full disclosure: For 4+ years I led the design, development and leadership of a STEM-CTE school in DCPS—Phelps Architecture, Construction and Engineering High School.)
The F. Scott Fitzgerald assertion which says that: “The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function”, can serve to ‘grow’ student smartness.
This particular thinking-methodology is a necessary tool in any area of social and/or scientific analysis and research. As well as an important conceptual skill and key learning objective centerpiece of all high school education.
However, we must also teach students to recognize two ideas that may be: incongruent, incompatible, contradictory, negational, oxymoronic, and sadly in the case of this bill, two concepts that are not pedagogically (science and theory of learning) aligned.
Those two ideas linked together: (1) That one can be absent from class, and (2) Still master what was being taught in that class, is problematic (Beyond the laws of physics which make it impossible to be both physically present and absent at the same time).
And even if this assertion were true, metaphysically speaking, then we are wasting a lot of the tax payers ‘dimes’; since all we really need to do is mail the curriculum and syllabus to every teenager’s house and call it a day; no school buildings, teachers, cafeterias, school libraries, etc. are needed!
The cure the DC city council is proposing here, is not only ineffective, it also guarantees to make the patient worse.
The devil, as is often the case, is in the details of these two qualifying (in my view logic defying and nullifying) criteria: “Missed more than six weeks of class” and “Would apply only to students who meet all other academic standards.” Putting aside for a moment that there is an extensive list of educational reasons for having class attendance serving as one of the graduation requirements (e.g. being part of classroom discussions-group work, you can ask the teacher in-class clarifying questions, or hear the answers to questions from your classmates).
How about this simple criteria: Perhaps, some of my wise professional ancestors arrived at an astonishing conclusion, that a child not attending school on a particular day, did not learn what was being taught in school that day. (tongue firmly in check) Imagine the singular brilliance of that concept!
(I purposely digress here for a note to aspiring principals. This is how you intelligently and authentically manage ‘two opposing ideas”: All high school principals will at some point encounter an exception (to the rule) ‘attendance’ situation, for which we as professional public educators must ethically and compassionately respond. In one of my cases a student was hospitalized with a serious illness, and then needed intense home based rehabilitation services before they could return to school. The ‘time-out’ of school would go beyond the course credit ‘seat time’ requirement. Our response was to enlist the help of the school district’s ‘home bound’ teaching services. These ‘visiting teachers’ were able to communicate with the student’s regular classroom teachers, follow the same syllabus, utilize the same textbook, test the student, etc. We were also assisted by technology where the homebound student had access to a laptop computer (we provided), instructional videos, classroom lecture recordings and ‘electronic class notes’. The student was able to maintain their march toward earning course credits and graduation, despite their temporary serious heath situation. It is not a perfect response, but it does seek to meet the standard of: Doing that which is professionally ethical, reasonably achievable, and in the best interest of the child!)
To be fair to our DC city council persons, perhaps they never served in the capacity of a high school teacher or administrator (pretty scared if any did and supported this bill); if they had, that experience would have caused them to be familiar with two very co-related and codependent items; the curriculum and a ‘pacing calendar’. To fully explain these two important educational items, and how they are related and dependent on each other, would require a separate essay.
But this is the short answer concerning the problem that the ‘bill’ ignores. A great deal of the ‘learning’ that takes place in a high school course, is connected and dependent on topics that were taught earlier (as in yesterday, or a few days ago, last week…); a student missing 6 or more weeks of class, even if it is ‘spotty’ (a day here, two days…) of a geometry, Spanish Language, or biology class will find it extremely difficult to ‘bridge’ prior required knowledge and information, with the present topic they are facing, when they never received that prerequisite knowledge and information directly as a classroom experience.
Further, if the class is a single semester course (approximately 16-18 weeks depending on the district), as opposed to a full year; absences actually become ‘magnified’. The student with too many absences in this course’s compacted schedule (pacing calendar), could quickly find themselves hitting a missed-learning ‘tipping point’; where they are missing too much of the course instruction to have a reasonable chance of passing the class.
Chronic absentees whether in semester or yearlong courses will also have a hard time ‘connecting, organizing and consolidating’ the major ideas and themes (curriculum learning objectives), of the course. And this deficit learning experience will most likely reveal itself in the (ability to pass) course grade, post-course situations, such as: the course final exam, external standardized exams, the next higher level course, job, college, etc.
It takes a great deal of hard work (by both teacher and student), to get academically struggling students to pass classes, when they have relativity good attendance; and so for the chronic ‘no shows’, well…
I am hoping that the mayor vetoes this bill, which will force the school system to be painfully honest with its students and parents that gradation statistics (real or contrived) can’t override a human interest. Students are real people, with real life expectations, and they need a ‘real’ graduation to succeed in life. Let’s be honest with students; no one will be able to practice extreme absenteeism (and six or more weeks minus a crisis event is extreme), and be allowed to keep their job, or succeed in college. And so, the answer to incorrect graduation standards, is not to double-down on incorrectness.
This veto could also signal to her colleagues on the city council that one proven method of improving students attendance is to provide all (particularly Title 1) high schools with the much-needed expanded guidance and counseling support and personnel they need to successfully battle the ‘poverty driven’ reasons that drive students into becoming habitual punctuality and attendance underachievers (In high schools punctuality and attendance are inextricably linked, but that also is another essay). Principals cannot ‘over-budget’; every class must have a teacher; that unfortunately often means that areas like guidance and counseling become tragically understaffed. Schools ‘cheating’ on student support services, worsens the plight of the already ‘attendance challenged’, as it also expands the number of students who desperately need these services in order to maintain their school/class attendance, and thus their academic viability as students.
There are some very concrete and solvable reasons that students struggle with punctuality and attendance. And unless political leaders legislate the end of poverty and racism in America; schools will need strategically smart building leaders, having the necessary resources, if we want kids to come to school, on time, every day!
For the present ‘crises’ DC students don’t need a ‘pass’ to not really pass their required courses. The city invited ‘less then informed-reform’ actors to run their school system. The penalty for that bad decision is for the city’s elected leadership to now find the money to immediately invest in a massive short-term credit-recovery effort that involves afterschool, evening, weekends, school breaks and summers.
This initiative should be linked it to the city’s Summer Youth Employment Program (SYEP). Let academically struggling and attendance challenged SYEP high school students do ‘academic school work’ as their SYEP work-site assignment. Not to worry, they will have perfect attendance. Students who were “Sauls” when it came to regular school attendance, will be miraculously transformed into “Pauls” when their SYEP check is on the line. And yes, I know (from my experience as a superintendent) that this won’t go over well in some quarters politically, but this is a crises for these seriously at risk of not graduating students; and so they should receive their SYEP checks for picking up knowledge and credits in a classroom, instead of picking up trash in parks!
The next long-term step is having a comprehensive K-8th grade academic ‘readiness’ program that does not continually (year after year), send unprepared to do high school work students, to a predictably certain ‘educational death’ in those high schools.
The students of DC need, and their parents, and the tax payers deserve, high school graduations that are meaningful and authentic. Meaning that the student can translate their high school diploma into a real representation of that student’s knowledge and skills readiness to be successful in a post-graduation world. We fail students (and fool their parents) when we let them walk across a ‘graduation’ stage, only to fall into a despairing pit of unpreparedness for adult life. Let high school graduations mean something other than a ceremony, or a marketable (albeit false) statistic!
Michael A. Johnson has served as a public school teacher, Science Skills Center director, principal, and a school district superintendent. He also served as an adjunct professor of Science Education in the School of Education at St. John’s University. He recently completed a book on school leadership: Report to the Principal’s Office: Tools for Building Successful High School Administrative Leadership… http://reporttotheprincipalsoffice.net/
By Michael Johnson – Our Time Press-June 8, 2018… http://www.ourtimepress.com/on-education-black-and-latino-students-can-compete-to-gain-entrance-to-nyc-specialized-high-schools/
Part 1: The dangerous under-expectations of the ability of Black and Latino students to compete with any group of students.
By Michael A. Johnson
Let me assert a strange and perhaps not well believed (or at least not presently popular) position; and that is, I believe that Black and Latino students, in NYC, and anywhere else on the planet; can effectively compete with any other students on the planet. Further, I believe that these students can perform well on the NYC Specialized High School Admissions Test (SHSAT), given the resource opportunities and the proper preparation. There is nothing inherently wrong with the brains of these children, all they need is a quality K-8 educational experience, courageous, strategically-smart, and imaginative principals, and highly-skilled teachers who are willing to efficaciously ‘leave it all’ on the classroom ‘playing field’!
Doing well on any form of assessment, is all about what happens prior to the student encountering that assessment model. And that is why professional educators know (even if the public does not); that testing a child on concepts and skills for which they have not been taught, is fundamentally unethical. Also unethical is the solitary use of standardized exams to deny admission to a quality learning experience, rather than using them for diagnostic purposes, to inform instructional practices, or to improve and expand the child’s learning opportunities. Parents of color may want to be careful of a demoralizing message sent to their children that says they can’t compete, simply because of who they are.
The SHSAT should be eliminated because it is ‘ethically challenged’. The exam proponents claim it is a fair measure of the principle of meritocracy; but in fact, that is a lie. The majority of students of color in NYC have not received the prerequisite skills training, information and knowledge that would allow them to do well (or less well) based on their own personal educational merit.
If the governing stakeholders want to change the present admissions system, then change it. But change it because it is flawed for all children (including non-affluent White students), not because of the subtle or overt reason that it is impossible for Black and Latino students to compete and win under the present rules. They in fact could compete, if only the conditions leading up to those rules were fair, which they are not, and thus one of the major flaws. A single criterion admissions process is always problematic in any educational context (K-Graduate School), and it is worthy of an informed debate among knowledgeable professional educators. But with ‘politicians’ leading the ‘admissions’ conversation, what could possibly go wrong? Well, everything!
There is always the problem in public education, of political concerns overtaking educational concerns, of utilizing symbolism instead of substance. There is this recurring bad idea in public education, that we must always sacrifice one group of students for another, We know (and have known for a long time), how to adequately educate all students to their optimum potential, we even know how to successfully educate the children of poverty, the offspring of illiterate and/or non-English speaking parents, we just choose not to do so, for political reasons. The main one being that NYC Black and Latino parents lack the political entitlement power that would demand that their children receive the education they deserve.
We also know that in the absence of a strong ‘parent-push’ informal education (out of school) component in a child’s life, the odds are that they will struggle in school (and on standardized exams); and therefore the school must step up and step in as an informal educational parent, if that child is to be successful. This would include offering students real and serious test prep, after-school, weekend and summer learning opportunities. And of course, the best test-prep being a rigorous K-8 learning experience. But that takes a systemic financial investment matched and created by political will.
Part 2: The school Integration, Diversity in Specialized Schools and Programs Debate: The wrong conversation, the wrong conversationalist leading that conversation, leads to and guarantees poor outcomes.
Michael A. Johnson has served as a public school teacher, Science Skills Center director, principal, and a school district superintendent. He also served as an adjunct professor of Science Education in the School of Education at St. John’s University. He recently completed a book on school leadership: Report to the Principal’s Office: Tools for Building Successful High School Administrative Leadership… http://reporttotheprincipalsoffice.net/
Graduations at the very least, represent our much-needed symbols of hope. Perhaps the period leading up to that graduation created an opportunity for a creative encounter with a word, idea, concept, picture, poem, essay, or novel; something that caused the graduate to examine their ‘interior-selves’, to the point that their intellectual, moral and spiritual literacy levels are irreversibly raised… Continue reading
“The leader of Michigan’s largest school district says a key reason why Detroit schools are in crisis is this: Racism.”
This is causing me to painfully ask the question: what if White educators said what many of us Black educators have been saying for years (to Black and White Audiences) without much success; would the public then be more open to hearing and accepting these objective truths? The list of ‘truth-tellers’ stretches far back into history: Carter G. Woodson, Elijah Muhammad, Manning Marable, Asa Hilliard, Ron Edmonds, Barbara Sizemore, Jitu Weusi, just to name a few. And the tragedy is that their words are as relevant today as when they first spoke them many years ago. How can that be?
“Detroit schools chief Nikolai Vitti says ‘racist’ policies led to crisis in Detroit schools
By Erin Einhorn – Chalkbeat.org
Detroit schools superintendent Nikolai Vitti speaking at the Mackinac Policy Conference on May 31, 2018.
The leader of Michigan’s largest school district says a key reason why Detroit schools are in crisis is this: Racism.
“There is a racist element to what has happened,” Detroit Superintendent Nikolai Vitti told the state’s influential business and political leaders at the annual, high profile Mackinac Policy Conference. “Children in Detroit have been treated like second-class citizens.”
Vitti, who is white, often speaks publicly about inequity in schools but his strong language about race was notable in part because of the setting.
The policy conference, held every year the week after Memorial Day to discuss issues affecting the city and state, is attended predominantly by white business and political leaders, including some who have been influential in making decisions that affect schools across the state.
Speaking on a panel with Mayor Mike Duggan, school board member Sonya Mays and University of Michigan President Mark Schlissel, Vitti was highly critical of the way the Detroit schools, which primarily serve African American and Latino children, have been managed.
He said he was “shocked” and “horrified” last year when he took over a school system that lacked what he considered basic systems.
He had inherited a district from a series of state-appointed emergency managers who had run the district for more than seven years.
It was run, Vitti said, “by individuals that had no track record of education reform.”
Parents and educators had no way to raise concerns because the elected school board was largely powerless, he said.
The emergency managers presided over a district that has some of the lowest test scores in the nation and where buildings were left in such poor repair that the district had to dismiss students early three days this week because too many schools don’t have air-conditioning.
The district saw “year after year of low performance, of lack of growth, drop in enrollment, facilities that are not kept up,” Vitti said.
“That would never, ever, happen in any white suburban districts in this country.”
His comments were greeted with applause.
A spokesman for Gov. Rick Snyder, who appointed most of the emergency managers, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.”— Source: https://www.chalkbeat.org/ny/
Michael A. Johnson has served as a public school teacher, Science Skills Center director, principal, and a school district superintendent. He also served as an adjunct professor of Science Education in the School of Education at St. John’s University. He recently completed book on school leadership: Report to the Principal’s Office: Tools for Building Successful High School Administrative Leadership… http://reporttotheprincipalsoffice.net/
Everyday I read the Washington DC news, and what also seems like everyday, I am painfully forced to read about the death of some young person; often followed by the life and family destructive incarceration of the perpetrator(s). One day I was reading a story about a young murder victim at a family BBQ, when I realized that the murdered youth was one of my former Phelps ACE students; all I had left were thoughts and tears.
I admire Councilman Trayon White for bringing a passionate concern to this issue. But how did these young people reach such a desperate level of despair and hopelessness? Why do they feel that a human life (including their own), is so meaning and purpose less?
And to be fair to DC, we can replace DC with the names of many different American cities. And so, how do so many adults, allow so many of their children to live daily in, and in fear of, death?
A good education can’t give the all and everything in life; but it at least knocks on, and has the capacity to open, the door of hopefulness…
Now, I know that the folks in Washington DC don’t want to hear (at least not from me), what I desperately tried and failed to explain for 5 years. That until we provide the young Black and Latino Washingtonians, and especially those children living in Ward 8 with a reason to have hope in a future life, then a future life will not be something they will cherish and honor for themselves, or for those who look like them.
No child is born a violent murderer, and no child should grow up as a negative ‘odds on favorite’ to become a victim of violence! But it is also true that if young people are exposed to a fraudulent or ineffective learning experience; then the possibility increases that they will find themselves at the end of their adolescent period without the necessary set of job-ready-marketable skills, and therefore unable to see a hopeful path forward.
This means, that not only must their high school diploma be ‘legitimate’, it must also be authentically rigorous and consistently competitive with our nation’s best high school graduation standards.
Anything less, opens these young people to half and desperate living conditions,’alternative economy’ job seeking, drowning emotionally, and (unfortunately sometimes dying) in a sea of hopelessness.
Michael A. Johnson has served as a public school teacher, Science Skills Center director, principal, and a school district superintendent. He also served as an adjunct professor of Science Education in the School of Education at St. John’s University. He recently completed book on high school leadership: Report to the Principal’s Office: Tools for Building Successful High School Administrative Leadership… http://reporttotheprincipalsoffice.net/
To all of my STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) colleagues-friends, not to worry, no I have not abandon the STEM cause!
Those who don’t know me will be surprised to discover what those who have actually worked with me already know, that when I served as either a principal or superintendent, I was a big (staffing and financial resources) supporter and champion of the arts.
An active promoter to the extent that over the years, some folks were very upset with me when I instituted foundational and advanced art programs, instead of what they thought were more ‘fitting’ and ‘appropriate’ activities for students of color.
It was as if to say: “These children don’t have the time or talent to waste on engaging with the arts!” Yes, this was a common spoken or unspoken belief I often encountered as an educational leader, and a belief I sought at all cost to destroy and dismantle.
And sadly, for many Black US citizens, and professional educators the ‘arts’ begin and end with a school marching band and/or a talent show that features groups of ‘uncoached’ kids engaging in “shake your booty” (SYB) dance performances.
That is what I encountered early in my tenure as a superintendent of CSD 29Q NYC. I attended two very different school talent shows, in different parts of the district. In one school the students actually demonstrated a learned and practiced talent (violin, piano, singing, dramatic/oratory presentation, modern dance, etc.). In another school it was SYB all of the time; the students simply took the dances they did at home, and in the street, and just did them up on the stage; and while the principal was smiling proudly from ear to ear; underneath my smile and vigorous applause for the ‘efforts’ of the students, I was inwardly seething.
I met later with the principal privately to express my dissatisfaction with his ‘talent show’; and that he was never to invite me to one of these ‘shows’ until the performances presented the real ‘talents’ of the students. But I also provided the principal with some professional coaching and support. I gave him the resources to acquire the services of a dance instructor who could provide the students with technical and choreographical support, and who could also incorporate the student’s interest in ‘hip-hop’ into the dance performances.
Later “I heard it through the grapevine.” (For you young’uns that’s a Motown tease!), that the mere fact I was meeting with a principal over the quality of a school talent show* sent a powerful message throughout the district’s school leadership cohort. (Note to educational leaders: “Strategically assume that whatever ‘corrective message’ you deliver to one person you supervise, will be shared with some, or all of the other supervisees! It’s a perfectly normal ‘group protection’ thing.)
But to that recent afternoon when I experienced the wonderful MOTOWN THE MUSICAL play at the Birmingham Concert Center. Beyond the great artistic performances, educators should know that the play contains many very powerful American (not just Black) history lessons that can spark an exciting post-performance learning lesson for high school students.
I was connected to Kenneth Mosely, who played Barry Gordy in the play, through the efforts of my niece Dana Marie Ingraham, who is such a prolific actor, that sometimes I feel that she has been in half the plays on Broadway! Not only is Mr. Mosely a wonderful and talented performer, he is also very thoughtful about his craft and how it impacts those who come to see him.
And of course, as part of our discussion I asked him about his own pre-college learning experience with the performing arts. He shared something with me that I know to be true from my visiting school districts all over this country. That outside of our major urban centers, our K-12 public schools are in need of a tremendous infusion of specialized art programs and art themed high schools.
NYC, in my view has the best, most diversified, and largest number of specialized, and non-specialized K-12 school graphics and performing arts programs. (Now I know my good friend Rory Pullens, the Executive Director of the very dynamic and powerfully comprehensive Arts Education Department of the Los Angeles Unified School District, will get me for saying that, but hopefully we can still remain friends! :-)
But for many places outside of NYC and Los Angeles in our nation, there is no comprehensive district wide strategy that is structured to discover and develop artistically talented young folks like Mr. Mosely.
These artistically gifted students simply don’t have access to a rigorous, in-depth and robust K-12 school art development program, and access to a specialized arts high school. Which means in many cases these talented students must find a way to ‘cobble together’ some type of private arts instruction, assuming those communities even have those classes and programs, and also assuming the parents have the resources to pay for art coaching/instruction.
The reality I learned from living in three states (Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi), is that a child in those states who displays elements of giftedness in ‘athletics’, will have a very good chance of not only being discovered early, but being discovered means that young person will also have access to first-rate formal (school), and informal (out of school) nurturing, coaching and training in sports experiences from elementary school through college. They will also receive a great deal of encouragement, emotional support and recognition from: family, school, church, community and the news media… Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics (STEAM), take a seat at the back of the child development bus!
I believe our nation suffers from a severe state of a K-12 school art deficiency. Districts and schools are too quick, and in some cases all too eager, to starve the arts at the first chance they are provided with a budgetary excuse to do so. I know as a former superintendent that this ‘deny the arts’ approach do to budgeting ‘issues’ is a false narrative, school districts spend money on what they care about and believe in.
Art instruction could also be push aside by school leaders, in favor of the more ‘job-career saving’ standardized testing subjects. The irony here of course is that the higher academically achieving the district and school in our nation, the more likely the presence of a rich offering of art programs. Engagement with the arts would actually help to raise the very academic performance levels in those ‘underperforming’ districts and schools that have so readily abandon them in the effort to raise academic performance levels!
But there is another type of cultural starvation that can occur. What if someone like the talented Mr. Mosely does not receive those outside of school art lessons and training? We then place ourselves in the position of not receiving the ‘gifts’ that so many young people bring into the world; and when that happens we are all the poorer for it.
Now more than ever we desperately (for our own national safety and sanity) need more art education in all of our nation’s schools. But we also need more pre-K-8 themed art programs, and specialized art high schools, for discovering, unfolding and developing the creative capacities of our young people; whether these students choose to express their artistic creativity in Motown the Musical, or with Microsoft the Multinational Tech Company.
*In my soon to be released book; Report to the Principal’s Office: Tools for Building Successful High School Administrative Leadership…http://reporttotheprincipalsoffice.net/ I speak of the child as a never-ending learner; and of a school’s ‘curriculum’ in a Deweyian context (John Dewey; The Child and the Curriculum); meaning school curriculum is not just limited to academic subject areas, to only classroom teaching and learning; rather ‘curriculum’ captures everything that happens in and around the child and school’s ‘lived’ experience (John Dewey; Experience and Education). The school’s curriculum is even the thoughtful, (or thoughtless) approach to student testing and assessment. A school’s curriculum is reflected in its lunch period culture, guidance and counseling services, disciplinary codes and procedures, its utilization (or underutilization) of the school library, recognition and rewards programs, clubs and teams, and yes its talent shows!
“Megachurch Pastor Accused Of Defrauding People Out Of More Than $1 Million…”
“The SEC says that between April 2013 and August 2014, Caldwell and Smith allegedly convinced 29 people, many of them “vulnerable and elderly,” to invest more than $1 million in bonds issued by the former Republic of China.”–Huffington Post*
Putting aside the cynical, callous and cruel behavior here, and the fact that many of the betrayed were probably very trusting elders; I had another thought:
It really bothers me when I read that someone has (proudly) posted on a social media platform, something to the effect of: “I learned a lot of things in school that I will never use in ‘real life’!” This is perhaps one of the most uninformed proclamations in existence. And I do a ‘double-cringe’ when in those rare moments it is one of my former students (where did I go wrong!) But in fairness to these misconstruing ‘proud proclaimers’, like many of our citizens, political and civic leaders, they confuse attending school, with understanding the theoretical concepts that undergird education and learning, or what we in the profession call the science of pedagogy. Attending school for 13 years can give one some very valid observations and opinions about schooling. But that fact alone does not transform you into a professional educator. It is like saying: “I am an architect, because I have always lived in a house!”
The average citizen, understandably, never fully understands how skills, knowledge and competencies are systematically and sequentially built, in sync with human developmental psychology, over the learning life of a human being. Or, the links between formal and informal education, language and thinking, playing and learning, how pre-reading skills are transformed later into advance analytical-critical reading skills. It is the important evolutionary ‘how’ of writing a graduate Sociology doctoral dissertation, or successfully completing a college course in ‘calculus for engineers’, that begins in the concepts and skills learned in pre-K, kindergarten, and then continues to converge and build on itself through elementary, middle and high school learning.
In fact when we speak of: “learning or achievement gaps”; we are in part speaking of children being pushed into a new learning environment (grade-school, and in the case of high school college, or the workforce), unprepared to properly engage the new situational academic requirements; because the student did not learn or master (was not taught) the skills and concepts in the previous learning situation that will allow them to comprehend and confidently engage the new information and competencies. This is true in part or whole, because the ‘new learning’ is based on the structural elements of the previous learning.
There are also ‘cross-curriculum’ correlated skills requirements that profoundly effective learning. If in a previous grade or school a child has not mastered the course appropriate grade level required English Language Arts (ELA) skills: struggling to: read, write, speak or listen effectively; then they will struggle in trying to engage other non-ELA subject areas (history, foreign language, science, mathematics, etc.), when trying to ‘listen-learn’ in response to verbal instruction’, take notes, use a textbook, write an essay, study, successfully answer short or extended responses (essays) test questions. Even as they may have the ‘brain capacity’ to do exceptionally well in those subject areas. There is a real and terrible ‘gap’ between some student’s capabilities, and their ‘real abilities’ to properly engage school work that gets harder as they get older; a ‘gap’ between interest, and the level of prerequisite skills they may bring to the next-higher level school, or class/course.
That is why when you talk to high school students who are avoiding advance science and mathematics classes, they will still say that they like and would want to engage these courses, “but…” Which translates into: But if only they could effectively compete (and not have their deficiencies revealed) with other students.
What you don’t learn (and learn well) in K-12 school, can and will hurt you!
A lot of students are excluded from pursuing a Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) career, because they did not master (not just pass) algebra in high school, and they did not master algebra because they did not master (was just passed on to the next grade) elementary school arithmetic, or middle school pre-algebra mathematics skills. Many of these students could, and would love to pursue a STEM path, if only their K-8 mathematics (pre-algebra) deficiencies, and then their high school algebra insufficiencies, did not weaken their competence and confidence in taking on these advance STEM courses.
All that we learn (or should have learned) in our K-12 school experience serves as either the foundational prerequisite of, and/or the connection to greater learning opportunities, both in schools as well as in life. And that is why without a radical, innovative and dynamic school leadership intervention plan**, that disrupts the educational status qua; all potential US college STEM majors will be selected (or deselected) somewhere between Kindergarten and the 3rd grade! And that’s for mathematics, if the child reaching third grade can’t read somewhere around a 3rd grade reading level, then they may be headed for some other serious future societal problems unrelated to obtaining a STEM career as an adult.
And so, this is why I often suggest that just about every problem we face in our nation is in some significant way connected to education. And more specifically, to what people were taught poorly, or not taught at all, in their K-12 school learning experience.
Thus, a few questions that emerged for me as I read this HuffPost article were:
Wait, you mean in a church of 16,000 people, not one person took a Global/World History class in high school where they learned that the “Republic Of China” was dissolved in 1949, and transformed into the People’s Republic of China? And where were those critical K-12 English Language Arts skills that would help at least a few church members to notice that the essential word “People’s” was missing from the bonds! And what about those K-12 school science courses that should have nurtured inquisitiveness skills, assisted by the acquired high school library research skills, (and perhaps even a high school economics course), that would have pushed some curious congregant to investigate the ‘bonds’ past performance; and then found out that they did not have a past!
You mean not one person raised their hand to say: “Excuse me pastor, I don’t mean no disrespect, but I have a question. I learned in my high school World History class that the ‘Republic of China’ no longer exist, then aren’t these bonds worthless?”
Yes, our public schools are in need of a lot of ‘corrective actions’. And, it also true that our: in need of much repair national education system does more harm to some students than to others. But our present K-12 curriculum behavioral and conceptual objectives are a good place to start the change process. For contrary to what is projected by many of our well-meaning, and well-organized parents and educators, a “National Common Core Curriculum & Standards” already exist, and it is tested by performances on yes, Standardized Exams like the: AP, SAT, ACT, GRE, MCAT, LSAT, PRAXIS, etc. … as well as showing up on a countless number of other professional career certification exams and degree requirements.
The above future career aspiration ‘academic gates’, will more likely grant access to students who have been exposed to a rigorous K-12 academic learning standards curriculum, high expectations, high quality school building leadership, and a consistent (year after year) effective and efficacious classroom Instructional experience. These National not Common for all Core Standards of learning are required, if the child is to make it onto the path of the least academic obstruction and hindrance in pursuing a professional career in anything, from an Accountant to a Zoologist.
A rich, strong and substantial K-12 educational experience is, but is not only about, a future college major and a career. It is also about becoming a better person, a more thoughtful, inquisitive, reflective, and questioning citizen and human being (and with the above example, a better and more discerning pew sitter).
And so, if our present not so perfect common core of rigorous standards and curricula, could at a minimum be equally distributed, taught and learned effectively by a wider segment of US children, they would be better prepared to become successful post high school adults. Even if they miss, or misunderstood the point that what they learned in their K-12 experience was of life-long value. It would also protect Americans from those who would seek to take advantage of what those citizens did not learn in their K-12 schooling; whether those evil misleaders operated from the pulpit or the White House.
*“Megachurch Pastor Accused Of Defrauding People Out Of More Than $1 Million…”-Huffington Post: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/kirbyjon-caldwell-accused-of-defrauding-people_us_5abe40fce4b0f112dc9bae2d
**Michael A. Johnson is a former high school principal and superintendent. His book: *Report To The Principal’s Office: Tools for building Successful High School Administrative Leadership will be released in the Spring of 2018. http://reporttotheprincipalsoffice.net/
…I have always been a champion of high expectations, but to be fair, these young high school students who organized the: National “March For Our Lives” protest-movement did not invent American racism. And despite thousands of anti-racism marches by many adults, for many years before they were even born; we still find ourselves in 2018 with a POTUS and his Party working successfully to make America harmful, hurtful and unwelcoming to Black Americans and the “others” in our nation, again. Yet I think the young folk’s response and resistance to the natural American inclination to make some lives worth more than others was tremendously thoughtful and inspiring…
It is hard to be an ethical educational leader, when you suffer from a deficiency of personal positive and progressive ethical standards.
In my soon to be released book: Report To The Principal’s Office: Tools for Building Successful High School Administrative Leadership (http://reporttotheprincipalsoffice.net/).
I dedicated an entire chapter to: The Ethics of the Principalship. It is the first chapter in the book perhaps because subconsciously I was thinking that: If you don’t successfully confront and climb the personal and professional ethical practices mountain, then maybe all else that you attempt as an organizational leader is lost!
All decisions you will make as to things like: hiring-personnel, curriculum, scheduling, course offerings, discipline procedures, student academic support services, the treatment of students who arrive unprepared academically, or emotionally to effectively engage in the high school experience, the children of the linguistically, financially and informationally under-resourced parents, etc.; all work-thoughts-actions will untimely be driven by your core ethical principles.
As public educators we surely live in the ‘real political world’, but we can’t be only of and about what that ‘real political world’ represents. That is why we educate children regardless of their (or their parents) citizenship status. We don’t despise, or deny the poor students our best efforts, simply because of their poverty. If anything we fight hard to enrich and empower their school experience, so that they can overcome the societal created obstacles and barriers to their success as adults. We must educate all children, regardless of the level of ‘parental push’ the student brings when they enter our school doors! And that is because our ethical values compel us to see all children as equal gifts, of equal value to the world.
I suggest in the ethical chapter in the book that if you cannot take a strong ethical leadership position on behalf of all students under your care, and in particular for those children for whom you may be one of the few non-family champions for their best good, then it does not suggest that you are a bad person; but it may suggest that you should not be an educator, and especially not a leader of a school.
And so, let me address an issue for which I am sure will make some folks upset (as if I need more people upset with me in this world!)
First full disclosure: Throughout my life as an educator, and at every stage (teacher, principal and superintendent), I have sought to serve well all students of many different nationalities, ethnicities, economic-class status, colors, sexual orientation, disabilities, religious beliefs (or no religious beliefs), etc.; without exception. The safety and educational success of every one of those students was equally important to me.
I confess that I have provided the necessary extra support needed by those students who were either lacking in parental support, or were educationally and emotionally mistreated in a school setting before coming to me; the students of extreme poverty, students with obvious and hidden learning hindering disabilities, the homeless students, those students in group homes, students whose parents don’t speak English, students with one or both parents in prison, the forgotten, the ignored, the politically unrepresented, unheard and uncared for students.
And now what I find disturbing:
The commentary by some Black Americans that is dismissive of the youth organized National “March For Our Lives” activities; because no such march was organized by ‘White America’ and supported by the news media for the too many slow-daily mass murdering of young people of color in our nation, by civilians and police.
1) I never have, and never will use the actions (or lack of) of any other Americans and/or the news media as the model for my personal behavior, decision making, and professional, moral and ethical practices. I stayed in trouble for my entire public educational life because I didn’t limit myself to what others did, or did not do for their students. People who have worked with me probably have heard me say this concerning a decision I have made: “They (whoever the ‘they’ were at the time) can do what they do, and I will do what I do!”
And so, I don’t care if it is the “whitest” school in America, I want those children and my colleagues in that school to be safe, and not be senselessly slaughtered. I don’t want any parent in America to be forced into the incongruous and inconceivable tragedy of being forced to bury their own child. This pain was felt by both my brother and sister who had to bury their own children. It is a pain that is never ever silent, it sadly whispers for the rest of the parent’s lives.
Justice and righteous can’t be situational, and I refuse to be placed in a limited caring and concerned box. My visionary hope for the world, which for some based on the 2016 election results could be a ‘nightmare’; is a world where no parent in any part of America is forced to bury their child. A world where all children can live and learn well in peace. I don’t want to copy the worse primitive elements of American culture. I want to completely eliminate exploitation and oppression, not be in replacement charge of it. If we become like Trump, his allies and faithful followers, then we have, and are, truly lost.
2) My protest and advocating concerning various causes and challenges we face as an earth family, is not limited to, or contingent upon the problems that African-Americans face. Nor will I be silent until that moment when African-Americans are fully free in our nation. And I will also not wait for others to muster the moral courage to act outside of their debased tribalism; not waiting for everyone to want for other people’s children, what they desire for their own children. A life in public education has ‘ethically inoculated’ me after seeing so many educators (Black, Asian, White and Latino) providing first class educational experiences to their own children; and then offering a second (3rd, 4th, 5th…) class educational product to parents, who like them only want the best for their children. Seeing this unethical and unprofessional behavior never dictated my actions, nor did it determine my professional behavior.
The forces of evil and oppression are not a localized and isolated Black problem. That “Mexican Wall” mirrors with intent and purpose the “Walls” that prevent Black children in the US from fully realizing their true gifts and talents. The dismissal and disregard of Puerto Rican and Native American children, is reflective of the same treatment of Black American children as they desperately try to escape from the political storm wrecked, rigor-less, uncaring and under resourced school and classroom. I will not wait for the carnage visited upon young people in Chicago and other inner cities to stop, before I cry out for the Nigerian girls whose lives and dreams are being violently destroyed when they are kidnapped by Boko Haram. I can, and will do both.
There is a sad equality of suffering for too many children in this world; because they are all connected by their physical and psychological pain. The North African-Middle Eastern child losing an essential educational and childhood experience while trapped in a refugee camp; the Haitian child suffering from the indifference of so many leaders who, although look like them, have betrayed the meaning and purpose of their nation’s great independence efforts.
No malicious suffering purposely inflicted on children, anywhere can be rationalized or accepted. The level of political awareness of their parents is not a required prerequisite, a practical or ethical concern of the ethical professional educator; in the same way that my friend Dr. Mark Walker the Atlanta trauma surgeon is not concerned if the victim of a car accident is either a registered Democrat or Republican.
3) Finally, I thought the young people did an outstanding exemplary job not only with the march; but also in their presentations on many different news media platforms. The students regardless of race, religion, school or community sent the same articulate message: gun violence of any type, anywhere in America, against any American is unacceptable, and must end. They seem determined to not let adults divide the gun war against children problem by community and race.
I have always been a champion of high expectations, but to be fair, these young high school students who organized the: National “March For Our Lives” protest-movement did not invent American racism. And despite thousands of anti-racism marches by many adults, for many years before they were even born; we still find ourselves in 2018 with a POTUS and his Party working successfully to make America harmful, hurtful and unwelcoming to Black Americans and “others” in our nation, again. Yet I think the young folk’s response and resistance to the natural American inclination to make some lives worth more than others was tremendously thoughtful and inspiring. I applaud their efforts, and in this season of hatred and harmful rhetoric emanating from the White House; their brave words and works give me hope for our nation’s future.
Others can choose to model their political actions on the selfish and racially restrictive behaviors of some ethically and morally challenged Americans. They can follow the pharisaical hypocrisy of the Religious Evangelical (not so) Right; or people who hold on to the idea that: “my child can only be successful, if someone else’s child is harmed and diminished”. Or: “For America to be great again, large parts of the citizenry must be excluded from that greatness”. The only thing more tragic than the existence of these ungenerous and ungracious individuals, is if they convince the understandably frustrated kind and thoughtful people of our nation to think and act like them.
Many Americans Try Retirement, Then Change Their Minds— NY Times
“Now back at work in a part-time position she designed for herself, she calls herself “a failed retiree.”
“A failed retiree”: I would be much more generous in my assessment of Ms. King. I am thinking that if your professional life-work was exciting, rewarding and fulfilling (and it seems that hers fits that criteria), then you might come to view traditional retirement as terribly overrated.
As a retired school teacher, principal/superintendent; I find a disconnectedness in my conversations with other ‘retirees’ who hated their jobs, and could not wait to retire. I loved every moment of my life as an educator, as challenging and difficult as it was at times. I now have taken on several new jobs (on my own terms): working with individual and groups of students on expanding their involvement with STEM; mentoring present and aspiring school building leaders, and writing a soon to be published book on school leadership: Report To The Principal’s Office (http://reporttotheprincipalsoffice.net/).
But I question if the ‘retirement model’ most often presented isn’t based on a particular ‘national-historical culture’, the individual personality type, attitude toward and feeling about the ‘work’, and to which occupation/vocation the ‘retiree’ was attached.
Clearly, going to ‘Work’ for some may have brought significance and meaning to their lives, and for others it might have represented the daily drudgery of meaninglessness.
And for some can a job-employment be, using a grammatical metaphor, a comma or semicolon, rather than a period between the person’s life inside and during, and outside and after, the ‘job’? And can one truly retire from a calling?
Perhaps there is no ‘one size fits all’ for decisions related to work, leisure time or retirement. And so maybe each person must find their own path, and place of joy, peace, productivity and fulfillment, in and after work.